If you’ve recently had an exam with your gynecologist, your doctor may have told you that you have a benign growth or growths called uterine fibroids. Fibroids are generally compared to tumors or cysts, and they occur for as many as three out of four women over their lifetimes. Although the growths are generally harmless, and the average affected uterus has six to seven fibroids, medical treatments and uterine fibroids surgery are available for those who need it.
You probably have many questions about this condition, and it is best to direct these to your primary care physician and OB/GYN. However, here are just a few common questions and answers concerning uterine fibroid treatments and symptoms.
What are the causes of uterine fibroids? As of now, there are no known causes for uterine fibroids, though genetics and hormones may factor into their development. They are most common in women who have had family members, such as a mother or sister, with fibroids. Black women also have a higher risk of developing fibroids, especially more of them or ones larger in size. Other risk factors include menstruation at an earlier age or having a diet that is low in green vegetables and fruits but high in red meat and alcohol.
What are the symptoms of fibroids? In general, there are relatively few symptoms associated with this condition for most women. However, some women will experience pain or pressure in the abdomen and may have abnormal menstrual bleeding. Other symptoms may include heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, pelvic pain or pressure, frequent urination, constipation, and pain in the back or legs.
What types of uterine fibroids surgery can treat this condition? For many women, uterine fibroids surgery and other treatments can help to remove these growths. Uterine fibroid removal is possible through surgical procedures and certain systems approved by the FDA. Medicines can also shrink the fibroids if they are causing problems. One of the most frequent treatments used for fibroids, especially in extreme cases, is a hysterectomy, or the removal of the uterus.
If you have more questions about the signs and symptoms of fibroids or their removal, you should speak with a medical professional. If you have any general comments or questions, however, you can leave one below. Good references here.